Posts tagged Ethiopia
How Self Help Groups Strengthen Resilience: Tackling Food Security in Protracted Crises

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) investigated the effect SHGs have on building resilience and food security in chronic crises and found that they were very effective when coping with idiosyncratic shocks in SNNPR, Ethiopia. Covariate shocks were more complicated, because in those cases the entire community suffered and often members diversified their incomes with climate- dependent initiatives.

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Psycho-Social Outcomes and Mechanisms of SHGs in Ethiopia

Cromie et al. (2017) evaluated the impact of SHGs in Ethiopia on the psychosocial and spiritual wellbeing of their members. They studied Tearfund’s SHGs both quantitatively and qualitatively as a cross-sectional study at one point in time. The study found the impact of SHGs on psychosocial outcomes to be significant and cumulative since older groups scored more highly on psychological and social wellbeing.

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Final Evaluation of the SHG/Food Security Programme, Horn of Africa

Tear Netherlands and Tearfund UK partnered to implement a food security program in the Horn of Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somaliland), with SHGs playing a central role. The final evaluation of the program evaluated the impact of the initiative on the food security and resilience of the most marginalized in the area. The evaluation team found that SHG members, especially longer standing ones, were better able than non-members to withstand shocks such as drought and were better placed for recovery.

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Humanitarian Cash Transfers Through Self Help Groups

The University of Reading evaluated modalities for delivering emergency assistance to SHGs during the 2015 drought in Ethiopia. The study involved 230 groups receiving 30 USD per SHG member. The study found that SHGs with transfers saved and invested more; there was no damage to the capital accumulation from before the cash transfer; and social structures were unaffected.  

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Self Help Groups and Drought Resilience: Lessons from Ethiopia

The Tufts Feinstein International Center evaluated the role of Self Help Groups in building drought resilience in the 2015/2016 drought in Ethiopia. The study found that mature Self Help Groups were better able to protect their livestock, better able to reduce their group savings without reducing payments, and better able to maintain their household food supply.

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Evaluation Report: Tearfund Ireland Self Help Development in Wolaita and Sidama

This end of project evaluation assessed Tearfund Ireland’s SHG project in Ethiopia against OECD-DAC evaluation criteria. The project ranked highly on all five criteria: it holistically empowered the poorest members of the community; improved nutrition, health, education, household income and assets; and avoided high interest rates. SHGs were highly efficient, with major changes occurring at a low cost.

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Economic Self Help Group Programs for Improving Women’s Empowerment

Brody et al. (2015) explored the impact of SHGs on individual-level empowerment for women in low-and middle-income countries (Bangladesh, India, Thailand, Ethiopia, South Africa and Haiti), using evidence from 23 rigorous quantitative impact evaluations. They also delved into 11 qualitative evaluations on women’s opinions on participation and benefits of SHG membership. Their analysis pointed to positive effects on economic, political and social empowerment. 

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A Cost Benefit Analysis of Self Help Groups in Ethiopia

A cost-benefit analysis of Tearfund’s SHGs in Ethiopia found SHGs to be high impact and low cost, with a benefit-to-cost ratio ranging from 58:1 to 173:1. The returns on donor investment were high. SHG expansion was organic and scaled quickly. SHG members reported many social benefits, as well as increased asset accumulation, food security, and environmental awareness. The model has the potential to benefit women and girls and reduce religious and ethnic tensions. 

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